The scientific method is the only scientific way accepted
to back up a theory or idea. This is the method on which all research
projects should be based. The Scientific Method is used by researchers
to support or
disprove a theory.
The Scientific Method involves the following steps:
1.Observation- You observe something
in the material
world, using your senses or machines which are
basically extensions of those senses.
2.Question- You ask a question about
observe. State the problem or question.
3.Hypothesis- You predict what you
think the answer to
your question might be
Research and Gather information about the problem
4.Method - You figure out a way to
hypothesis is correct. The outcome must be
measureable. (quantifiable) Record and analyze data.
5.Result- You do the experiment using
the method you
came up with and record the results. You repeat the
experiment to confirm your results by retesting.
6.State Conclusion- You state whether
your prediction was
confirmed or not and try to explain your results.
A conclusion will often lead to another question, which can
lead to another experiment, which can lead to another
conclusion, and on and on. Science is like doing a giant
puzzle, with the handicap that you are missing an unknown
number of pieces. Each new scientific fact is a piece of the
puzzle. Each new piece can change the appearance of entire
sections of the picture or fit where one did not expect it to.
When scientists have an answer to a question they have
asked, they share their results with other scientists in papers,
magazine articles, lectures, posters or displays at
conventions. This way, new puzzle pieces can be checked
out, and the fit tested. You will present your results at the
science fair in the form of a display.
Select a scenario below and see if you can identify
the steps in the scientific process.
Created by Mrs. Coley’s Science Research and Design Class
Jefferson County High School
October 15, 1999
Water Consumed by Perennial and Annual
Attempting to Teach Fish Through Association
The Effects of Ocean Environment
on Salt Water Creatures
Using Litmus Paper to Test Acids and
The Difference in Copper Mass Included
in Pennies Minted After 1982
Breakfast Cereal Iron